Revista Cirugía Mayor Ambulatoria Vol. 27 / Nº1
Ambulatory surgery for strabism and its relationship with the different techniques
M. Prado Rodríguez, M. García Arias, C. Martínez Reglero, I. de la Torre Rivero
Objective: To assess the functionality and usefulness of ambulatory surgery in pediatric patients operated on for strabismus, as well as the incidence of postoperative complications or hospital admission. Material and methods: A descriptive observational retrospective study was carried out with 92 patients operated on at a tertiary hospital between January 2017 and December 2018. Results: Most patients were ASA I. A laryngeal mask was used in 69.6 % of patients with a prevalence of use of sevoflurane (in 94.6 % of patients) and muscle relaxant (rocuronium in 96.7 % of patients). From the point of view of strabismus surgery, 72.8 % of patients presented with horizontal strabismus, and were esotropias. Most of them with 2 muscles intervened and undergoing surgery for the first time. 21.7 % of patients, presented with other types of strabismus such as IV nerve palsy, Duane or Brown Syndrome. With regard to the results, the admission rate was 4.3 %. In the immediate postoperative period in the Postanesthesic Care Unit (PACU), they did not present with pain and only 6.5 % of the patients suffered Postoperative nausea or vomiting (PONV). Regarding the presence of complications (pain, significant discomfort, tearing, difficulty opening the eyes…), in the ophthalmology consultation on the first postoperative day, they were noted in 2.2 % of the patients. Conclusion: Uniformity criteria such as handling by the same surgeon and the same anesthetic protocol have been essential. Regarding the results, we observed that the number of surgeries performed, the type of strabismus and certain techniques such as Faden, had an effect on the presence of pain. In our study, the low complication rate and low admission rate confirm the success of the ambulatory surgery for this type of surgery.

CIR MAY AMB 2022; 27 (1): 6-10


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